- Conduct an assessment
- Determine priorities
- Write measurable goals and objectives
- Consult the evidence
- Adapt and plan the strategy
- Implement and evaluate the strategy
Tools & Resources
- NACCHO’s Resource Center for Evidence-Based Approaches
- NACCHO’s Community Guide Website
- CDC’s Community Guide Website
- NACCHO’s Screencast on the Community Guide: A Framework for Integrating Evidence into Prevention Efforts
- Use of Small Media to Prevent Colorectal Cancer Screening: How Nodaway County Did It
- Research-Tested Intervention Programs
Using proven prevention strategies can ensure the efficacy and efficiency of the strategies you choose to implement to address cancer in your jurisdiction. When following a strategic planning process, consult resources for evidence-based public health to identify cost-effective approaches for solving the cancer problem in your communities.
Identifying evidence-based approaches for cancer prevention starts with a sound understanding of the factors contributing to the cancer problem in your community, your coalition’s vision for health, and opportunities for prevention. After developing a coalition vision, you should conduct a needs assessment to identify prevention priorities. Once you identify priorities, you can develop measurable goals and objectives to benchmark the achievements you would like to make as a result of your intervention efforts.
With your goals and objectives in hand, you can consult resources like the Community Guide to identify intervention approaches that align with your coalition’s goals and objectives. For packaged interventions that align with Community Guide recommendations, you can visit RTIPS to download packaged evidence-based intervention programs and materials.
Once you identify the evidence-based intervention strategies and programs you wish to implement, you can develop an implementation plan that specifies how you will adapt the intervention to meet the needs of your target audience, and a workplan that designates how coalition resources, time, and manpower will be allocated to implement the selected strategy/program.
Lastly, develop an evaluation plan to track your success, then implement and evaluate the strategy.
- What is our desired outcome?
- What specific changes will lead to the desired outcome?
- What evidence-based strategies/programs can help us achieve our desired outcomes?
- What elements of the strategies/programs can be changed to meet the needs of our target audience without compromising the integrity of the evidence?
- How will we know we are successful?
- What data sources can we use in our evaluation efforts?